En esta página se encuentran las soluciones de las lecciones 33 a 38 del Worbook de New Practical Chinese Reader 3. Las respuestas son ofrecidas por la escuela Aprende Chino Hoy.

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NPCR 3 WORKBOOK

NPCR Workbook 3

Lessons:

第33课 —— 保护环境就是保护我们自己

第34课 —— 神女峰的传说

第35课 —— 汽车我先开着

第36课 —— 北京热起来了

第37课 —— 谁来埋单

第38课 —— 你听,他叫我“太太”

33

保护环境就是保护我们自己

2Give the pinyin of the following words and phrases and then translate them into English.

(1)教汉语(jiao1 han4yu3),——teach Chinese

受教育(shou4 jiao4yu4)——to accept education

(2)都市(du1shi4),——city

都是(dou1shi4)——all is/are

(3)空气(kong1qi4),——air

空白(kong4bai2)——blank

(4)种树(zhong4shu4),——plant trees

种类(zhong3lei4)——kind / variety

3Give the pinyin of the following groups of words and then translate them into English. Try to guess the meaning of the words you haven’t learned and then confirm them with the help of your friends, teachers, or dictionaries.

(1)

植物(zhi2wu4),——plant

动物(dong4wu4),——animal

人物(ren2wu4),——person

生物(sheng1wu4),——biological

食物(shi2wu4),——food

物理(wu4li3)——physics

(2)

移植(yi2zhi2),——to transplant

种植(zhong4zhi2),——to plant

植树(zhi2shu4)——to plant trees

(3)

鱼网(yu2wang3),——fishing net

上网(shang4wang3),——using internet

网吧(wang3ba),——cyber cafe

网球(wang3qiu2)——tennis

(4)

初一,初二,(chu1yi1——the first day in a lunar month,chu1er4——the second day in a lunar month)

初九,初十,(chu1jiu3——the ninth day in a lunar month,chu1shi2——the tenth day in a lunar month)

第一,第二,(di4yi1——first, di4’er4——second)

第三,第十一,(di4san1——third, di4shi2yi1——tenth)

老张,老李,(lao3zhang1——LaoZhang, lao3li3——LaoLi)

老大,老二,(lao3da4——boss / the first child, lao3’er4——second chind)

老鼠,老虎,(lao3shu3——mouse, lao3hu3——tiger)

老板,老婆,(lao3ban3——boss, lao3po2——wife)

老公,老师,(lao3gong1——husband, lao3shi1——teacher)

阿姨(a1yi2——aunt)

4Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

保护,环境,科学,高原,建立,植物,接受,教育,继续,研究,解决,污染

5Fill in the blanks with the correct characters.

(1)每个人都要保护 境。

他的汽车可能 了。

(2)您来解这个问题。

那是一大蛋糕。

(3)他口语成不错。

你要续努力。

(4)他确很忙。

哪儿名牌电视。

(5)他爱好体育动。

明天去参观的人不包他。

6Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)我们也感觉得出来。

(2)他可能还看不懂。

(3)现在人人都关心北京的绿化。

(4)沙漠正一年一年的向北京靠近。

(5)我写的植树节的消息登出来了。

7Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

趣,建立,跟,差,过,既,境,为,种,纪,但,章,参

9Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

10Choose the correct answers.

(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

11Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

他想去藏趣园———-参观

张张照片都———-拍得很好

你听得懂———-听不懂老师的话

我们一步一步地———-往上爬

中小学生们———-应该接受环境保护的教育

12Write sentences with the words given.

(1)这些生词你记得住吗?

(2)这些菜你吃得完吃不完?

(3)你看出来了没有?

(4)年年过春节他都回家。

(5)球门太小踢不进去。

13Make sentences with the words given.

(1)他唱的歌你听得出来听不出来?

(2)这张桌子搬得进去搬不进去?

(3)这些蔬菜这个超市买得到买不到?

(4)你爬不爬得上去?

(5)你还跑不跑得回去?

14Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)你爬得上去吗?

(2)(T)

(3)(F)我现在还不一定看得懂中文的长文章。

(4)(T)

15Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(F)是西部,不是东部。

(2)(F)大熊猫是中国的“国宝”。

(3)(F)还没有,那两只熊猫还没被送过去。

(4)(T)

(5)(T)

16Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

Do you concern about environmental problems?

(2)the meaning of the question is:

What is your most worried environmental problems?

(3)the meaning of the question is:

How do you usually do to protect the environment?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

Do you agree the opinion of “protect the environment is to protect ourselves”?

(5)the meaning of the question is:

Are there any good ways that you think can better protect our environment?

17Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Translate the following words according to the passage.

a. 规定——requirements

b. 绿地率——greening rate

c. 低于——lower than / less than

d. 明确——clear

(2)Answer the following questions after reading the passage.

a. 可以美化城市和减轻环境污染。

b. 它们吸收二氧化碳,放出氧气,让城市有新鲜的空气。

c. 因为城市里的人们既能欣赏到大自然的美景,有能有一个很好的生活环境。

(3)Answer the following questions after reading the passage.

a. 很不好,喝水都困难。

b. 冬天被大风一刮,就都死了。

c. 干了18年。


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34

神女峰的传说

2Give the pinyin of the following words and phrases and then translate them into English.

(1)

可乐(ke3le4)——coke

音乐(yin1yue4)——music

(2)

找不着(zhao3 bu4 zhao2)——can not find

看着电视(kan4 zhe dian4shi4)——watching TV

(3)

干什么(gan4 shen2me)——what to do

洗干净(xi3 gan1jing4)——to wash clean

3Give the pinyin of the following groups of words and then translate them into English. Try to guess the meaning of the words you haven’t learned and then confirm them with the help of your friends, teachers, or dictionaries.

(1)

头晕,tou2yun1——dizzy

晕车,yun1che1——carsick

晕船,yun1chuan2——seasick

晕机,yun1ji1——airsick

(2)

坐船,zuo4chuan2——take boat

船票,chuan2piao4——boat ticket

船长,chuan2zhang3——captain

船员,chuan2yuan2——crew

(3)

医务室,yi1wu4shi4——clinic

售票室,shou4piao4shi4——ticket office

办公室,ban4gong1shi4——office

(4)

古诗,gu3shi1——ancient poem

新诗,xin1shi1——Contemporary Poem

诗人,shi1ren2——poet

作诗,zuo4shi1——make poems

(5)

刀子,叉子,杯子,(dao1zi——knife,cha1zi——folk,bei1zi——cup)

盘子,筷子,瓶子,(pan2zi——dish,kuai4zi——chopstick,ping2zi——bottle)

桌子,椅子,妻子,(zhuo1zi——desk,yi3zi——chair,qi1zi——wife)

儿子,孙子,孩子,(er2zi——son,sun1zi——grandson,hai2zi——kid)

房子,嗓子,本子,(fang2zi——house,sang3zi——throat,ben3zi——notebook)

样子,棋子,(yang4zi——appearance,qi2zi——chess piece,)

小伙子(xiao3huo3zi——young man)

(6)

花儿,画儿,事儿,(huar1——flower,huar4——painting,shir4——thing)

大声儿,座儿,个儿(da4sheng1’er——loud,zuo4’er——seat,ge4’er——height)

(7)

石头,木头,骨头,(shi2tou2——srone,mu4tou2——wood,gu3tou2——bone)

里头,外头,上头,(li3tou2——inside,wai4tou2——outside,shang4tou2——upper)

下头,前头,后头(xia4tou2——below,qian2tou2——front,hou4tou2——back)

(8)

记者,作者,译者,(ji4zhe3——reporter,zuo4zhe3——writer,yi4zhe3——translator)

读者,学者,长者,(du2zhe3—–reader,xue2zhe3——scholar,zhang3zhe3——the elderly)

爱好者,工作者,(ai4hao4zhe3——enthusiast,gong1zuo4zhe3——worker,)

旅游者(lü3you2zhe3——traveller)

(9)

绿化,美化,老化,(lü4hua4——green,mei3hua4——beautify,lao3hua4——aging)

年轻化,(nian2qing1hua4——promote younger staff,)

科学化,简单化(ke1xue2hua4——scientific,jian3dan1hua4——simplify)

(10)

画家,作家,专家,(hua4jia1——painter,zuo4jia1——writer,zhuan1jia1——expert)

文学家,科学家,(wen2xue2jia1——writer, ke1xue2jia1——scientist,)

艺术家,(yi4shu4jia1——artist)

音乐家,舞蹈家,(yin1yue4jia1——musician, wu3dao3jia1——dancer,)

演奏家(yan3zou4jia1——perfomer)

4Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

晕船,刮风,夜里,传说,来往,可乐,迷住,轻舟,美丽,玩笑,照顾

5Give the pinyin of the following characters with dots and then translate the whole sentences into English.

(1)yue4,le4

Ma Dawei likes Chinese music very much.

He doesn’t want to drink coke.

(2)hao3,hao4

This is a good brush which is famous brand to use.

He loves to sing Beijing opera.

(3)jiao4,jue2

He goes to bed at 10:30pm everyday.

I think this thing is quite troublesome.

(4)chong2,zhong4

The canoe already pass over thousands of hills.

This package is very heavy.

(5)zhang3,chang2

Clivia grow very well.

Resting time is not long.

6Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)四川菜你吃得很高兴啊。

(2)晕船的药你吃了没有?

(3)刚才我睡着了。

(4)船好像停住了。

(5)我还记住两句李白的诗。

(6)这儿连空气也有辣味儿。

7Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

览,辣,晕,舒,药,睡,幅,迷,给

9Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)他不能坐船,因为他船。

(2)小燕子给大为了神女峰的传说。

(3)我不记得把书在哪儿了。

(4)风了,外边有点儿凉。

(5)别了,昨天的考试特别难。

10Choose the correct answers.

(1)B

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

(5)A

11Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

我站起来———-就头晕

我觉得———-好点儿

三峡———-实在太美了

我头晕———-全身都不舒服

李白的那首诗———-我记住了两句

12Write sentences with the words given.

(1)这么辣的菜我可吃不下去。

(2)可乐的味儿也不对了。

(3)你应该吃点儿什么。

(4)今天你好点儿了吧。

(5)我们一起来欣赏三峡景色吧。

13Make sentences with the word given.

(1)这些水果你拿得住吗?

(2)外面那么冷,你等得着吗?

(3)我有点儿站不住了。

(4)那些蔬菜咱们买不着。

(5)我这几天晚上总睡不着。

14Change the positive sentences into negative sentences.

(1)李白那首诗我没记住。

(2)我没找着我的书。

(3)这种衣服一定买不着。

(4)东西不小,我拿不住。

(5)我看不见黑板。

15Translate the following sentences into Chinese, using the words given in the parentheses.

(1)她唱了一首情歌。

(2)今晚刮很大的风。

(3)我想去,但又不能肯定我会不会有时间。

(4)母亲节她为她妈妈买了许多漂亮的花儿。

(5)我在找我的包,可是我找不着。

16Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)再说,船上的菜个个都辣。

(2)(T)

(3)(F)我可吃不下去。

(4)(F)我们都为这件事着急。

(5)(T)

17Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(F)是两百多年历史,不是两千多年。

(2)(T)

(3)(F)不是画了年轻人自己,是画了张学良将军年轻时穿着将军服的画像。

(4)(F)是1998年,不是1992年。

(5)(F)不是老画家,是年轻的画家。

18Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever toured the Three Gorges?

(2)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever heard the legend og the Three Gorges?

(3)the meaning of the question is:

Which beautiful legends you also know?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

What eles you also know about the Three Gorges?

(5)the meaning of the question is:

Which natural sceneries you have ever toured?

(6)the meaning of the question is:

Which kind of scenery you like?

19. Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Try to read and recite the following poem of Li Bai.

(2)Complete the following statements after reading the passage.

a. 李白

b. 专家

c. 表现自己

(3)Answer the following questions after reading the passage.

a. 很重要。

b. 是屈原;他家在三峡。

c. 《早发白帝城》


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35

汽车我先开着

2Give the pinyin of the following groups of words and then translate them into English. Try to guess the meaning of the words you haven’t learned and then confirm them with the help of your friends, teachers, or dictionaries.

(1)

汽车,qi4che1——car

火车,huo3che1——train

电车,dian4che1——tramcar

卡车,ka3che1——truck

旅游车,lü3you2che1——tour bus

面包车,mian4bao1che1——van

出租车,chu1zu1che1——taxi

(2)

丢人,diu1ren2——diagraced

丢脸,diu1lian3——lose face

丢面子,diu1mian4zi——lose face

(3)

梦话,meng4hua4——talk in sleep

好话,hao3hua4——good words

坏话, huai4hua4——bad words

(4)

好处,hao3chu4——advantages

坏处, huai4chu4——disadvantages

(5)

医生,yi1sheng1——doctor

学生,xue2sheng1——student

先生,xian1sheng——sir

小学生,xiao3xue2sheng1——elementary school student

中学生,zhong1xue2sheng1——middle school student

大学生,da4xue2sheng1——university student

研究生,yan2jiu1sheng1——students who have got the master degree

自费生,zi4fei4sheng1——students who at their own expense

旁听生, pan2ting1sheng1——auditors

(6)

队员,dui4yuan2——team member

学员,xue2yuan2——students

教员,jiao4yuan2——teachers

演员,yan3yuan2——actors

售货员,shou4huo4yuan2——salesperson

售票员,shou4piao4yuan2——ticket seller

营业员,ying2ye4yuan2——shop assistant

服务员,fu2wu4yuan2——waiters

技术员,ji4shu4yuan2——technician

研究员,yan2jiu1yuan2——researchers

守门员,shou3men2yuan2——goalkeeper

运动员, yun4dong4yuan2——athletes

(7)

饭馆,fan4guan3——restaurant

茶馆,cha2guan3——tea house

旅馆,lü3guan3——hotel

咖啡馆,ka1fei1guan3——coffee bar

图书馆,tu2shu1guan3——libraby

美术馆,mei3shu4guan3——art gallery

博物馆,bo2wu4guan3——museum

展览馆,zhan3lan3guan3——gallery

熊猫馆, xiong2mao1guan3——panda house

(8)

食品,shi2pin3——food

物品,wu4pin3——items

产品,chan2pin3——product

商品,shang1pin3——commodity

药品,yao4pin3——drugs

用品, yong4pin3—— appliance

(9)

学院,xue2yuan4——school

医院,yi1yuan4——hospital

戏院,xi4yuan4——theater

医学院,yi1xue2yuan4——medical school

商学院,shang1xue2yuan4——business school

文学院,wen2xue2yuan4——college of liberal arts

科学院,ke1xue2yuan4——academy of sciences

电影院,dian4ying3yuan4——cinema

京剧院,  jing1ju4yuan4——Peking opera school

3Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

挺好,节约,世纪,稳定,生命,艰苦,产品,勤俭,朴素,经济,困难,实现

4Fill in the blanks with the correct characters.

(1)要节用水。

要按时吃

(2)他很会享生活。

她很热自己的工作。

(3)她每月用的钱是我的两

孩子们去玩儿吧。

(4)我们不能把苦朴素丢了。

大家都不怕困

(5)我不了你的事。

他是外交

5Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)我想去哪儿就去哪儿。

(2)你什么时候挣够了钱什么时候再买汽车。

(3)您以为谁想借银行的钱谁就能借?

(4)你爱怎么做就怎么做。

(5)他一点儿信用都没有。

(6)就是21世纪生活也得艰苦朴素。

6Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

约,艰,素,管,贷,辈,债,稳,信,念,代

8Fill in the blanks.

(1)5万是5千的倍。

(2)30的八倍是240

(3)300的十分之一是30。

(4)200的百分之五是10

(5)40的四分之一是10。

9Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)在21世纪也得勤俭日子。

(2)我的事不要你

(3)时代不同了,我们的观念也得了。

(4)你们公司生产什么产品?

(5)你太浪费了,应该节约一点儿。

10Choose the correct answers.

(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

(5)B

11Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

他说的话我一句———-也没听清楚

等我看完这本书———-就借给你

就是你不告诉我———-我也知道

谁有能力———-我们就让谁当班长

4是16的———-四分之一

12Write sentences with the words given.

(1)真不知道你在想什么。

(2)开车比骑车快一倍。

(3)这是有钱人的习惯。

(4)你一点儿信用也没有。

(5)你爱怎么玩就怎么玩。

13Make sentences with the words given.

(1)等我到家后就给你打电话。

(2)他和这件事一点儿关系都没有。

(3)这种手机比你的贵一倍。

(4)周末就是下雨,我也要去动物园。

(5)你的这些衣服都跟不上时代了。

14Change the following sentences into the statements with the structure “……/……/

(1)他的话我一句都听不懂。

(2)这些书她一本都没看过。

(3)图书馆里一个人都没有。

(4)他一门考试都没考好。

(5)他一点儿都不想吃。

15Translate the following sentences into English.

(1)Outside of the room is very cold.

I know that place, but I don’t want to go.

(2)You walk in front, I behind you.

This cloth is the same beautiful as that one.

(3)Please wait me for a moment.

After I go back to my country, I will write to you.

(4)Already April, why still snowing?

We all came.

16Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)哪儿漂亮,我们就去哪儿。

(2)(F)10的十分之三是3。

(3)(T)

(4)(T)

(5)(F)明天就是忙,你也要来。

17Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(F)不是挣得少,是挣得不少。

(2)(T)

(3)(F)只交很少的一点儿饭钱。

(4)(F)是大部分的钱花在个人消费上。

(5)(T)

18Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

Do the people in your country often loan from banks

(2)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever loaned?

(3)the meaning of the question is:

Do you agree the concept “spend tomorrow’s money, realize today’s dream”? Why?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

Are there any good ways you think can solve the “generation gap” problem?

19Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Translate the following words according to the passage.

a. 结束——jie2shu4——over

b. 超过——chao1guo4——exceed

c. 排名——pai2ming2——rank

d. 销售——xiao1shou4——sales

e. 持续——chi2xu4——continue

f. 增长——zeng1zhang3——growth

(2)Fill in the blanks after reading the passage.

a. “艰苦朴素,精打细算”。

b. 贷款消费的方式。

(3)Answer the questions according to the passage.

a. 红灯的时候,她没有停车。

b. 没有被罚款。

(4)Answer the following questions after reading the passage.

a. “能花多少钱,才花多少钱”

b. 有不好的意思。

c. 因为它代表着一些中国人的新的消费观念。

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36

北京热起来了

2Give the pinyin of the following words and phrases and then translate them into English.

(1)

热带,re4dai4——torried zone

寒带,han2dai4——frigid zone

温带,wen1dai4——temperate zone

亚热带 ya4re4dai4——subtropical zone

(2)

羽绒服,yu3rong2fu2——down coat

工作服,gong1zuo4fu2——working cloths

衣服,yi1fu2——cloth

西服,xi1fu2——western suit

洋服 yang2fu2——foreign style clothing

(3)

裙子,qun2zi——skirt

裤子,ku4zi——pants

袜子,wa4zi——socks

鞋子,xie2zi——shoes

帽子 mao4zi——hat

(4)

古代,gu3dai4——ancient

近代,jin4dai4——modern

现代,xian4dai4——modern

当代 dang1dai4——contemporary

3Make up words formed by abbreviations after the models.

(1)——人大

(2)——农大

(3)——医大

(4)——师生

(5)——职工

(6)——工农

(7)——工商

(8)——中美

(9)——中法

(10)——文教

(11)——科技

4Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

季节,伟大,寒带,暖气,路线,选择,复杂,熟练,珍贵,裙子,草原,疑问

5Fill in the blanks with the correct characters.

(1)你记得很

今天天气很

(2)北京有四个节。

她是小姐。

(3)我们走的路线对吗?

苹果多少一斤?

(4)他向银行款。

她去银行交款。

(5)中国海南岛是热气候。

农业也要现化。

6Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)你朋友秋天来得了吗?

(2)他就是秋天来不了,也没关系。

(3)你看我穿得那么多,连路都走不动了。

(4)北京一到5月,天气就热起来了。

(5)除了秋天以外,别的季节也可以来中国旅游。

7Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

候,带,寒,各,季,最好,除,绍

9Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)今天很热,得穿裙子。

(2)这么多书,我不知道选择哪一本。

(3)你能得出昨天学的中国古诗吗?

(4)你今天下午来得吗?

10Choose the correct answers.

(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

(5)D

11Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

除了口语课以外———-我们还有听力课

他不能喝酒,一喝———-就脸红

像声调,汉字等———-都是汉语难学的原因

这些古诗———-我们现在恐怕还读不了

“家书抵万金”的“书”———-是“信”的意思

12Write sentences with the words given.

(1)这个问题很复杂吧。

(2)各种电影我差不多都喜欢看。

(3)秋天你来北京最好。

(4)电影院坐得下这么多人吗?

(5)我拿不动这些东西。

13Make sentences with the words given.

(1)除了小美和我以外,大家都去过上海。

(2)点这么多菜,咱们吃得了吗?

(3)他都已经结婚了,你还放不下他吗?

(4)去银行贷款买房子的人多起来了。

(5)我一到北京就给去找你。

14Change the following sentences by using “…………”

(1)老师一进教师就上课。

(2)我一到家就给你打电话。

(3)学校一放假,我们就去旅行。

(4)他一到北京就来找你。

(5)北京一到十月就冷起来了。

15Change the following sentences into the statements with the structure “除了……以外,还//

(1)除了照片,墙上还挂着一张地图。

(2)除了中国学生,这个学校也有外国学生。

(3)除了他,我们都去过北京。

(4)除了英语,他还会说汉语和日语。

(5)除了张老师,别的老师都来了。

16Translate the following sentences into English.

(1)He is my best friend.

You’d better come a little early tomorrow.

(2)He looks like his father.

We take many classes everyday, like listening class, speaking class, writing class.

(3)I need to reply my mother a letter.

Let’s come next time.

17Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)各种菜都尝一尝。

(2)(F)除了小王以外,别的同学都来了。

(3)(T)

(4)(F)天太热,我睡不了觉。

(5)(F)我们唱起歌来。

18Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(T)

(2)(F)贾岛的毛驴跟韩愈的轿子撞上了。

(3)(F)韩愈也是一位诗人。

(4)(F)韩愈认为“敲”比“推”好。

(5)(T)

19Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever travelled to China?

(2)the meaning of the question is:

Which scenic spots and historical sites of China you know?

(3)the meaning of the question is:

One year have four seasons, which season you prefer? Why?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

Do you know any famous Chinese poets? Do you like poem?

20Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Translate the following words according to the passage.

a. 悠久 you1jiu3——long

b. 资源 zi1yuan2——resources

c. 设施 she4shi1——facilities

d. 改善 gai3shan4——improve

e. 接待 jie1dai4——reception

f. 著作 zhu4zuo4——literary work

g. 产业 chan3ye4——–industry

(2)Try to read and recite the following poem of Du Fu.

(3)Answer the following questions after reading the passage.

a. 是第二大岛。

b. 3万4千平方公里。

c. 是中国最小的省。

d. 有热带和亚热带两种气候。

e. 还有回族,苗族。


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37

谁来埋单

2Give the pinyin of the following groups of words and then translate them into English. Try to guess the meaning of the words you haven’t learned and then confirm them with the help of your friends, teachers, or dictionaries.

(1)

餐厅,客厅,(can1ting1——dining room,ke4ting1——living room)

门厅,舞厅 (men2ting1—— foyer,wu3ting1——dance hall)

(2)

帐单,菜单,节目单 (zhang4dan1——bill,cai4dan1——menu,jie2mu4 dan1——program list)

(3)

球场,菜场,(qiu2chang3——court,cai4chang3——vegetable and meat market)

操场,运动场 (cao1chang3——playground,yun4dong4chang3——stadium)

(4)

橄榄球,篮球,(gan3lan3qiu2——American football,lan2qiu2——basketball)

足球,排球,(zu2qiu2——football,pai2qiu2——volleyball)

乒乓球,羽毛球,网球(ping1pang1qiu2——pingpong,yu3mao2qiu2——badminton,wang3qiu2——tennis)

(5)

敬酒,敬茶,敬烟(jing4jiu3——toast with someone politely,jing4cha2——offer tea politely,jing4yan1——offer cigarettes politely)

(6)

照相机,办公室,zhao4xiang4ji1——camera,ban4gong1shi4——office

借书证,通知单,jie4shu1zheng4——libraby card,tong1zhi1dan1——notice

服务员,出租车,fu2wu4yuan2——waiters,chu1zu1che1——taxi

展览馆,图书馆,zhan3lan3guan3——gallery,tu2shu1guan3——library

美术馆,博物馆,mei3shu4guan3——art gallery,bo2wu4guan3——museum

园艺师,科学家,yuan2yi4shi1——horticulturist,ke1xue2jia1——scientist

植物园,zhi2wu4yuan2——botanical garden,

中秋节,zhong1qiu2jie2——mid-autumn festival

外交官,橄榄球,wai4jiao1guan1——diplomat,gan3lan3qiu2——American football

太极剑,电影院,tai4ji2jian4—–Taijijian-,dian4ying3yuan4——cinema

兵马俑,bing1ma3yong3——ceremonial clay statues of warrior and horses,

羽绒服,yu3rong2fu2——down coat

建国门,音乐会,jian4guo2men2——JianGuo Men,yin1yue4hui4——concert

汉语课,火车站,han4yu3ke4——Chinese course,huo3che1zhan4——train station

外国人,葡萄酒,wai4guo2ren2——foreigner,pu2tao2jiu3——wine

君子兰,明信片,jun1zi3lan2——scarlet kaffir lily,ming2xin4pian4——postcard

人民币,高科技,ren2min2bi4——RMB,gao1ke1ji4——high technology

小意思,xiao3yi4si——just a small token,

小学生,xiao3xue2sheng1——elementary school student

小汽车,小时候,xiao3qi4che1——car,xiao3shi2hou4——childhood

副作用,亚热带,fu4zuo4yong4——side effect,ya4re4dai4——suntropical zone

北温带,bei3wen1dai4——North temperate zone,

内蒙古,nei4meng2gu3——Inner Mongalia

商品经济,shang1pin3 jing1ji4——commodity economy,

中华民族,zhong1hua2min2zu2——China

汉语词典,han4yu3ci2dian3——Chinese dictionary,

公共汽车,gong1gong4qi4che1——bus

古典音乐,gu3dian3 yin1yue4——classical music,

现代京剧xian4dai4 jing1ju4——modern Peking opera

3Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

晚饭,餐厅,付帐,请客,笑话,橄榄,抢球,抬举,民歌,尊敬,蒙族,新疆

4Fill in the blanks with the correct characters.

(1)明天上午口语。

今天晚上吃牛肉。

(2)我给你们讲个笑

她们在一起生

(3)那是蒙族娘。

内蒙是她们的乡。

(4)他们班陈老师一起去新疆旅游。

她去行还贷款。

5Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)四位姑娘又接着唱下去。

(2)同学们去哪家都行。

(3)今天谁埋单都一样。

(4)我什么都想吃。

(5)对面的那几位抢得比我们还热闹呢。

(6)由我们这四位姑娘向你敬酒。

6Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

蒙,烤,抬,首,敬,然,接,愉

8Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)我 我的同学一起旅行。

(2)上课的时候同学们 着回答老师的问题。

(3)他不 明白 你的意思。

(4)让我们 起酒杯一起干杯。

(5)给你 麻烦了,真对不起。

9Choose the correct answers.

(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

(5)C

10Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

谁当我们的班长———都一样

他介绍完了———-你接着介绍

你比我———-个子高

他的汉语———-越说越流利

我姐姐唱歌———-唱得比我好听

11Write sentences with the words given.

(1)我们下回再买吧。

(2)我怎么也不明白。

(3)最受人尊敬的是张老师。

(4)他跳舞比我跳得差。

(5)那个人越说越快。

12Make sentences with the words given.

(1)他唱英文歌比你唱得好。

(2)我汉语比他们说得流利。

(3)小白比小云懂得多。

(4)北方比南方天气热。

(5)我比你学习努力。

13Make sentences with the words given, using the structure “…………” to.

(1)我们越玩儿越高兴了。

(2)他越走越快了。

(3)老爷爷越活越年轻了。

(4)杰克汉语越学越好了。

(5)人越多越有意思。

14Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)把帐单给我,由我付钱。

(2)(F)吃完饭,大家抢着付钱。

(3)(F)南方空气比北方好。

(4)(F)中国音乐很好听,我们越听越喜欢。

(5)(T)

15Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(F)在外国人家里,不是中国人家里。

(2)(F)她会说一点儿英语。

(3)(T)

(4)(T)

(5)(T)

16Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever ate Chinese cuisine? Do you like Chinese cuisine? Introduce one of your favorite Chinese cuisine.

(2)the meaning of the question is:

Do you know any habits when Chinese people eat with friends together? Are these habits of Chinese people the same as the habits of your country? Talk about the same and different aspects.

(3)the meaning of the question is:

Do you know how to cook dishes? Talk about what is the best dish you cook?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

What’s the differences you think ahout the Chinese cuisine and your country’s.

17Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Translate the following words according to the passage.

a. 宫爆鸡丁 gong1bao4ji1ding1—— diced chicken with chili pepper

b. 花生仁,花生 hua1sheng1ren2——peanuts, hua1sheng1——peanut

c. 调料 tiao2liao4—— condiment

d. 葱 cong1——green onion

e. 姜 jiang1——ginger

f. 蒜 suan4——garlic

g. 油 you2——oil

h. 辣椒 la4jiao1——chilli

i. 花椒 hua1jiao1——pepper

j. 酱油 jiang4you2——soy sauce

k. 料酒 liao4jiu3——wine

l. 醋 cu4——vinegar

m. 炒 chao3——fried


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38

你听,他叫我太太

2Give the pinyin of the following words and phrases and then translate them into English.

爱好,很好,(ai4hao4——hobby,hen3hao3——very good)

还书,还有,(huan2shu1——return books,hai2you3——in addition)

便宜,方便,(pian2yi——cheap,fang1bian4——convenient)

得去,得到,(dei3qu4——have to go,de2dao4——obtain)

教跳舞,教练,(jiao1 tiao4wu3——teach dance,jiao4lian4——coach)

觉得,睡觉,(jue2de——think,shui4jiao4——sleep)

空气,有空儿,(kong1qi4——air,you4kong4’er——have free time)

快乐,音乐,(kuai4le4——happy,yin1yue4——music)

旅行,银行,(lü3xing2——travel,yin2hang2——bank)

两种,种树,(liang3zhong3——two kinds of,zhong4shu4——to plant trees)

重要,(zhong4yao4——important,)

万重山 (wan4chong2shan1——thousands of mountains)

3Give the pinyin of the following groups of words and then translate them into English. Try to guess the meaning of the words you haven’t learned and then confirm them with the help of your friends, teachers, or dictionaries.

(1)

表姐,表弟,(biao3jie3——elder female cousin,biao3di4——younger male cousin)

表哥,表妹 (biao3ge1——elder male cousin,biao3mei4——younger female cousin)

(2)

客人,客房,(ke4ren2——guests,ke4fang2——guest room)

客厅,客车,(ke4ting1——living room,ke4che1——bus)

客机,客气 (ke4ji1——airplane,ke4qi4——polite)

(3)

教堂,礼堂,(jiao4tang2——church,li3tang2——auditorium)

课堂,食堂,(ke4tang2——classroom,shi2tang2——dining hall)

澡堂(zao3tang2——bathhouse)

(4)

喜糖,白糖,(xi3tang2——wedding candies,bai2tang2——refined white sugar)

红糖,冰糖,(hong2tang2——brown sugar,bing1tang2——crystal sugar)

水果糖 (shui3guo3 tang2——fruit candies)

4Match each of the following characters in the first line with that in the sencond to make a word according to the pinyin provided. Draw a line to connect the two.

幸福,政府,批评,宴席,亲戚,教堂,商量,脑筋,规矩,邻居,决定,厨师

5Fill in the blanks with the correct characters.

(1)他们在教举行婚礼。

学生去图书馆。

(2)你们定去哪儿?

她还你两百钱。

(3)这间卧室有12方米。

大家都批他。

(4)你们一起去。

他们个都不去。

(5)他不懂我们的规

道他们在哪儿结婚吗?

6Organize the characters in parentheses into Chinese sentences according to the pinyin given.

(1)这还不算是请客。

(2)说到宴席,我们只请亲戚朋友在一起喝杯酒。

(3)我们已经结婚好几个月了。

(4)他们谁也不认识谁。

(5)你们这样做好得很。

7Fill in the blanks with the correct characters according to the pinyin.

婚,福,糖,惯,商,宴,规,戚,意,由

9Fill in the blanks with the proper verbs.

(1)她给了一位厨师,生活很幸福。

(2)明天这里要举行一次很大的活动。

(3)大为在墙上红双喜字。

(4)小燕子没有我的气。

(5)妈妈批评孩子不认真学习。

10Choose the correct answers.

(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

(5)C

11Make sentences by matching the words of part1 with those of part 2 with lines.

你想去哪儿———-就去哪儿

他说汉语———-说得不太流利

今天的天气比昨天———-冷多了

说什么———-我也得去

我说的———-不是这个意思

12Write sentences with the words given.

(1)可是我怎么开得了口。

(2)玉兰已经决定嫁给杰克了。

(3)我爸爸是老脑筋。

(4)她什么也不想吃。

(5)他们已经结婚好几个月了。

13Make sentences with the words given.

(1)说到中国的名胜古迹,他就很兴奋。

(2)这次比赛的成绩不算很好。

(3)你想说什么就说什么。

(4)他又抽烟又喝酒。

(5)昨天晚上的聚会,他们高兴得很。

14Change the following sentences into the statements with the interrogative pronouns given.

(1)这个电影很有意思,谁都喜欢看。

(2)他没有钱,哪儿都没去旅行过。

(3)我好像在哪儿看见过他。

(4)你别问了,他什么都不知道。

(5)今天早上他身体不好,什么也没吃。

15Translate the following sentences into English.

(1)I am old, this year I am 78 years old.

(2)His father is old-fashioned, think in different ways with us.

(3)To speak of the travelling, whether you decide to go or not to go?

(4)Don’t blame him anymore, he already knew his mistakes.

(5)It’s very easy to find his living place.

(6)I asked several people, and just found that bookstore.

16Decide whether the following statements are grammatically correct (T) or wrong (F).

(1)(F)玉兰嫁给杰克了。

(2)(T)

(3)(T)他们俩是我的好朋友。

(4)(T)我把那本书看完了。

(5)(T)这些生词你记得住记不住?

17Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the text in “Reading Comprehension and Paraphrasing” of this lesson.

(1)(F)是举行婚礼的时候,不是过生日的时候。

(2)(F)是宋代,不是清代。

(3)(T)

(4)(F)他们俩结婚了。

(5)(T)

18Answer the following questions.

(1)the meaning of the question is:

In your country, what kind of habits do the people have when getting married?

(2)the meaning of the question is:

Have you ever took part in Chinese people’s wedding? If had, introduce something about that wedding.

(3)the meaning of the question is:

Except the Chinese’s marriage habits which introduced in the text, do you also know anything eles?

(4)the meaning of the question is:

In your country, what gift you will give to your friends when they get married?

19Read the passage and do the following exercises.

(1)Translate the following words according to the passage.

a. 傍晚——nightfall

b. 打招呼——saying hello

c. 手势——gestures

d. 印象——impression

e. 悄悄——quietly

f. 捧——carry in both hands

h. 亲人——relatives

i. 难过——upset

j. 劝——try to persuade

k. 善良——kind

l. 真诚——sincere

m. 打赌——bet

(3)Complete the following statements after reading the passage.

a. 天地

b. 父母

c. 夫妻对拜

d. 中国农村


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